Working papers

Leadership Archetypes: An Exposition (2005)

Manfred Kets de Vries

"The eight archetypes of effective leadership"

In this working paper, it is argued that an individualistic notion of leadership is inadequate, given the increased complexity of the work environment. Although the "Great Man or Woman" theories still linger, most scholars of leadership now recognise that successful organisations are characterised by a distributive, collective, complementary form of leadership. To further explore this form of leadership, eight leadership archetypes are proposed.

INSEAD Working Paper, 2005

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